A home server is a type of a server that is placed in a private residence, so it can provide services through the internet or home network to some other devices that are located in the household. Some of the services that a home server can provide are media center serving, file and printer serving, web caching, web serving, backup, and account authentication services. Usually, it doesn’t require a significant computing power because there are not many computers on a regular home network.
The Benefits of Home Server
With installed home server, you can store everyone’s photos, videos and all their data in one place that everyone has an access to. They get the access by connecting to the home network through their devices. These days when everything is digitalized and everyone has an access to a device that can connect to the home server is good to have access to each other data. Only a small number of people actually uses a home server. Nowadays individual computers are uses almost just like a private computer without others having an access to it.
How do they work
The majority of the time they are running headless, that means they can be remotely administered with a so-called command shell, or graphically via some remote desktop system. Some of the home servers offer a graphical user interface to facilitate the user job.
Some of these home servers are acting like a NAS (network attached storage) to provide all users the benefit over the files. Those files can be accessible from any other device on the network if the users provide the correct credentials. Users can also share those files thorough the internet, to make the files accessible everywhere in the world with the remote access.
Some people only use home servers to get access to some files through the internet. This is called the remote access because users can access the files from a device no matter where they are, they only need an internet connection. This can be done with several software programs such as remote desktop software or the remote administration software. All the files that are on your home server will be accessible from anywhere if you provide a remote access on the home server.
If using a Linux server there are two useful tools that you can use VNC and Webmin. The VNC will provide the user with a view of the server similar to if he would be sitting directly in front of it, but to this happen, the server console must have a running GUI. At the same time you can have multiple desktop environments opened. The Webmin gives the owner the control of the server configuration and maintenance from any device. The users only need to configure the home server properly to be able to have access to files via the internet. Also, they can be remotely accessible with protocols that are command line based like the SSH and Telnet.
There are many different tools and resources that are available online, to start your own website is no longer a complex task that only professionals can do. However, if you want to start a big website for a serious business, then we suggest that you get some professional help that will provide you with better quality. To make a high-quality product, professionals use high-quality tools such as the cPanel which is the most popular control panel for developing.
Linux -- cPanel
cPanel is essentially a control panel for web hosting that is based on Linux. It will provide a graphic interface and automated tools that are specially designed to make the process of hosting a website easier. cPanel gives the user the ability to control different aspects of the actual website through a regular web browser. It can have two functions, either to work as a virtual private server or as a dedicated one. Once you install a cPanel onto your server it can be very hard to remove it if you want to. Sometimes to remove it completely the server administrators must reformate the whole server.
History of cPanel
This tool was first used as a control panel by a company called Speed Hosting, later on, merged with a new company called Web King. Their server was located in Virtual Development Inc. or VDI. The creator of cPanel was John Nick Koston, he only allowed the customers at VDI to use the cPanel. As time went on a new version of cPanel arrived. It was called the cPanel 3 and it was a much better version compared to the previous one. Unfortunately, later on, the cPanel was divided into 2 separate pieces of software, one remained cPanel and the other was called Web Panel.
How it Works
This web hosting control panel that is Linux based provides the user with lots of automation tools that are making the hosting very simple. It has an API based access that allows some third-party software vendors. You can access the cPanel by the 2083 port and you can use it for either a virtual private server or dedicated server. The newest version of the cPanel allows the installation on CentOS, Cloud Linux and also on Red Hat Enterprise Linux RHEL.
The application based version have included services such as PHP, PostgreSQL, Apache, Perl, MySQL and BIND. The email-based version includes the following services POP3, SMTP and the IMAP. As mentioned before it is quite a job to remove it without reformatting the server. However, some experts who don’t want to reformat their server, there are some helpful uninstall guides.
Having a cPanel allows the user to easily monitor and manage all the crucial parts of the web hosting. It also helps the user to easily make improvements to the website that will make it more stable and secured. No matter how big of a database you have or how much do you produce, the cPanel will keep track of everything.