A home server is a type of a server that is placed in a private residence, so it can provide services through the internet or home network to some other devices that are located in the household. Some of the services that a home server can provide are media center serving, file and printer serving, web caching, web serving, backup, and account authentication services. Usually, it doesn’t require a significant computing power because there are not many computers on a regular home network.
The Benefits of Home Server
With installed home server, you can store everyone’s photos, videos and all their data in one place that everyone has an access to. They get the access by connecting to the home network through their devices. These days when everything is digitalized and everyone has an access to a device that can connect to the home server is good to have access to each other data. Only a small number of people actually uses a home server. Nowadays individual computers are uses almost just like a private computer without others having an access to it.
How do they work
The majority of the time they are running headless, that means they can be remotely administered with a so-called command shell, or graphically via some remote desktop system. Some of the home servers offer a graphical user interface to facilitate the user job.
Some of these home servers are acting like a NAS (network attached storage) to provide all users the benefit over the files. Those files can be accessible from any other device on the network if the users provide the correct credentials. Users can also share those files thorough the internet, to make the files accessible everywhere in the world with the remote access.
Some people only use home servers to get access to some files through the internet. This is called the remote access because users can access the files from a device no matter where they are, they only need an internet connection. This can be done with several software programs such as remote desktop software or the remote administration software. All the files that are on your home server will be accessible from anywhere if you provide a remote access on the home server.
If using a Linux server there are two useful tools that you can use VNC and Webmin. The VNC will provide the user with a view of the server similar to if he would be sitting directly in front of it, but to this happen, the server console must have a running GUI. At the same time you can have multiple desktop environments opened. The Webmin gives the owner the control of the server configuration and maintenance from any device. The users only need to configure the home server properly to be able to have access to files via the internet. Also, they can be remotely accessible with protocols that are command line based like the SSH and Telnet.