Let’s start from the beginning, what is a web server? It is a program that is using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol or HTTP to transfer data that is used to form web pages to the user. Every computer that is hosting a website needs to have a web server program. The most commonly used web server is Apache, but there are much more such as the Microsoft Internet Information server IIS and Nginx- engine x.
How to Make a Web Server Secure
There are many ways that you can keep a web server secured, but most of them are expensive options. In this article, we will be talking about some of the cost-effective options you can do to make a web server more secured.
Using separate servers for external and internal applications is one of the options. The providers that use two separate servers are usually very secure ones. That is because having two separate servers reduces the risk of a malicious user from gaining access to internal information from the external server.
Using separate development servers for debugging and testing of the apps. Some web hosting services even these days don’t use this principle. Instead, they are offering the production server for the development of new applications. That is bad because it is not reliable and the security is lower. Testing of the code on one of these production servers can cause malfunctions or even complete outage of the server.
The use of application scanners can increase the security of the web server. You might need to pay for it, but it is worth in the long run. They are designed to validate the internally developed code and they can ensure that the code doesn’t leak into the production environment.
Educating the developer with sound security coding practices can further increase the security of your web server because they often tend to overlook that the security of your information is a major business requirement. Making them aware of all the security issues that can affect web servers can help you.